Overview of Arbitration in Afghanistan: A Practical Approach
Afghanistan has been in the midst of a series of major legal reforms in various areas over the past 5 years, of particular relevance is the developments in the commercial sector. The commercial market has managed to cope with the rapidly growing dispute resolution mechanisms in Afghanistan which the latter has tried to incorporate in its legal system. The question which the authors wish to address in this piece is whether the rapid reforms taking place in Afghanistan have had any significant development in the field of arbitration.
Increasing tax revenues has proven to be a significant challenge for recent Pakistani governments. The stagnation of the tax to GDP ratio to around 10 percent has widely been attributed to a host of inter-connected factors including weak enforcement, fragmented revenue administrations, low compliance by taxpayers, generous and distortionary exemptions and concessions to entire sectors of the economy and narrow tax bases.